Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care to a person who has been diagnosed with cancer. The oncologist may also be called a cancer specialist. An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing, treating, and managing cancer.
An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Some of the subspecialties include medical, surgical, radiation, pediatric, and gynecological oncologists. Some pediatric oncologists specialize in certain types of cancer and others focus on conducting research on childhood cancers. That way, your family doctor can provide you with useful information and the oncologist can later inform your family doctor about your visit.
In general terms, you may see an oncologist if you talk to your primary care doctor about a change in your body and they recommend that you have some preliminary tests. Surgical oncologists must first complete a general surgery residency, followed by a two-year fellowship in surgical oncology. Medical oncologists help their patients manage side effects and help manage and maintain well-being. As physicians, oncologists' study of cancer and blood disorders begins in medical school, after which the paths diverge depending on the specialty chosen by the doctor.
After residency, medical oncologists must complete another two to three years on a medical oncology fellowship. Oncology is a subspecialty of medicine dedicated to the research, diagnosis and treatment of people with cancer or suspected cancer. Oncologists who specialize in medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, or hematologic oncology complete residency and fellowship programs before becoming certified. If you have cancer, an oncologist will design a treatment plan based on detailed pathology reports that indicate what type of cancer you have, how much it has developed, how quickly it is likely to spread, and what parts of your body are involved.
Some oncologists specialize in giving specific therapies, such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or surgery. After a primary care doctor finds evidence of cancer, he or she will refer the person to an oncologist for further evaluation. If a biopsy reveals cancer cells in the tissue sample, the surgical oncologist can remove the tumor and surrounding tissues. Gynecological oncologists specialize in treating cancers that affect women, such as cancers of the ovary, cervix, uterus, vagina and vulva, but they also often treat complicated gynecological conditions that are not cancerous, such as endometriosis and fibroid tumors.
A surgical oncologist may be one of the first doctors you go to if your primary care doctor suspects you have cancer. After graduating from medical school, prospective oncologists must complete a residency program, usually in internal medicine or general surgery, followed by a fellowship in their chosen oncology subfield.