No, seeing an oncologist doesn't mean you have cancer. You're going to see an oncologist because you have symptoms that could be cancer. Your visit to an oncologist is an opportunity for you to talk to a specialist about your symptoms. The oncologist may order tests to learn more about your symptoms.
Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care to a person who has been diagnosed with cancer. The oncologist may also be called a cancer specialist. If you ask my child what I do, he usually says that I am an oncologist, a cancer specialist.
It's true that I work for Texas oncology and spend many of my days with cancer patients. But there is another important aspect of our specialty and practice, one that affects millions of Americans every year. Patients with blood disorders are treated by hematologists and many oncologists are also board certified to practice hematology. Therefore, even if you don't have cancer, you may be treated by a doctor who specializes in cancer and blood disorders.
Some of the most common blood conditions for a hematologist to treat are anaemia, sickle cell disease, and thrombosis. Oncologists treat early-stage cancer and noninvasive tumors with surgery or radiation therapy. Advanced cancers that have already spread to different areas of the body may require chemotherapy and other systemic treatments. A radiation oncologist specializes in giving external and internal radiation therapy to people with cancer.
After a primary care doctor finds evidence of cancer, he or she will refer the person to an oncologist for further evaluation. Finally, they will be certified and licensed in the state where they want to practice medical oncology. You can also see other oncologists depending on the type of cancer you have and the type of treatment plan you want. They are basically general surgeons who perform additional training in oncology and related surgical procedures.
Urological oncologists treat cancers of the genitourinary system, such as the bladder, kidneys, penis, prostate, and testicles. A medical oncologist treats cancer with chemotherapy or other medications, such as hormone therapy and immunotherapy. Many oncologists improve their practice by specializing in certain types of cancer or cancer treatments. A radiation oncologist specializes in treating cancer with radiation therapy to reduce or kill cancer cells or to relieve cancer-related symptoms.
Gynecological oncologists, for example, are trained to treat cancers of the female reproductive system, such as those affecting the uterus, cervix, or ovaries, while hematology oncologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the blood (leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma). The invention of the microscope, followed by a wide availability of anesthesia, led to rapid progress in the field of oncology in the mid-19th century. Hematologist oncologists are dedicated to diagnosing and treating cancers of the blood, which may include leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Or call a trusted hospital to see which medical oncologists work there and who might be right for you.
Surgical oncologists treat cancer through surgery, which includes removing the tumor and nearby tissue during an operation. Medical oncologists generally act as the primary provider of health care for people with cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute.